I think everyone has heard of the "law of supply
and demand" from economics. This article is a discussion related to that law but is not a treatise on traditional economics.
The law of supply and demand has as a prerequisite: that the context be a competitive
free market. That is,
the price of items is free to change at the whim of the buyer and seller and
that there are many buyers and many sellers of equivalent
items. Such a free market is impossible with a POM (physical
object money) but we won't let that hinder our analysis, nor will we explain
in this article why the tradional concept of
a "free market" is impossible.
So you are a seller in the competitive free market and you have a number of items to sell. You don't know what prices others are asking nor do you know what prices the buyers are offering to other sellers. But you know what prices your buyers are willing to pay.
One week you notice that you have fewer buyers than usual. Your income is reduced.
Your supply of items is more than sufficient to meet the buyer demand at the
price you are asking. But you want more income. What can you do, given that you
wish to continue selling the same items? You can advertise more. You can be more
courteous. You can be open for business longer. But let us suppose that all of
means fail to increase the number of sales. Therefore you lower your asking
price, figuring that if you sell more items it will more than make up for a smaller
profit on each item. That does increase your sales.
Later, you notice that you have more buyers than you have items to sell to them.
You can't produce items any faster and you want more profit, so you increase
your asking price until the buyers exactly match your supply of items. This
Thus the supply-and-demand works when all other elements in the economy are stable.
But we know that all other things in an economy are never
stable. Factors outside
the economy, factors outside the control of the participants in the economy can
also influence supply and demand. Therefore any competitive free market will
be in a constant State of adjustment to those many changes. Now in theory and
to a considerable degree in practice the free market does a remarkably good job
of adjusting to those changes. But sometimes we get a kind of feedback loop which
destabilizes the economy.
Let's take a hypothetical example. You have a number of competitors in your
free market. One of them reduces prices more than the rest to the point that
the others cannot remain in business and you and the others have your businesses
fail. Your income is cut off. You must fire your employees. Their income is cut
off. Some of your employees are employed by the dominant competitor. But since
that competitor now has no competition, he has raised his prices for items to
much higher levels which has reduced sales of those items so that not as many
need to be made nor distributed nor sold. The unemployment rate goes up which
reduces the amount of money people have to spend. This reduces sales and profits
so even those with jobs are buying less. Lower prices mean lower profits since
sales do not increase by enough to keep profits up. As more people become unemployed
there is less demand for items which results in more item makers being laid off.
Note the feedback loop. As demand drops, employment drops which reduces demand
which reduces employment and so on. The reason for this negative feedback loop
is that "demand" refers to money-backed demand. It does not refer to
actual need or desire. Since the supply of money with a POM is independent of
items for sale (See "The Supply of POM"), such a negative
feedback loop can occur quite easily.
Similar destabilizing feedback loops are made possible and even inevitable by
the use of a POM. In a two party interaction, an advantage can be used to gain
still further advantages. (Try playing a two-person game of Monopoly.) As we
have seen in "POM Causes Instability," two-party interaction is the essence of
Contrast the POM condition with our hypothetical new kind of money (Non-POM)
which comes into existence when earned and ceases to exist when spent. The new
money will be earned by actions the consequences of which result in net benefit
to others. A shop owner will not earn more money by providing fewer items at
a higher price. That would not increase net benefit. In fact, the shop owner
doesn't care what the price is because the price will not determine his income.
Therefore, the price will remain constant. The shop owner can get more buyers
by providing better
service and by providing higher-quality items. If the shop owner goes out
of business the producers of the items can simply give them to some other shop(s)
to sell. The "demand" will always have just enough of the new money to buy all
the items produced because it is the supply of items that determines the supply
of the new money. Items which provide no net benefit (cigarettes?) will not be
produced or will have a very high price. There will never be a shortage of the
new money to pay for producing. Therefore there will never be unemployment.
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